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Christner, N., Essler, S., Hazzam, A., & Paulus, M. (2021). Children’s psychological well-being

and problem behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic: An online study during the lockdown period in Germany. PLOS ONE, 16(6): e0253473. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253473


Essler, S., & Paulus, M. (2021). Robin Hood or Matthew? Children’s reasoning about

redistributive justice in the context of economic inequalities. Child Development, 92(4), 1254-1273.


Essler, S., & Paulus, M. (2021). When do caregivers begin to view their child as a moral agent?

Comparing moral and non-moral reactions to young children’s moral transgressions. Journal of Moral Education, 50(3), 330-342.


Essler, S., Christner, N., & Paulus, M. (2021). Longitudinal relations between parental strain,

parent-child relationship quality and child well-being during the unfolding COVID-19 pandemic. Child Psychiatry & Human Developmenthttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01232-4


Ganglmayer, K., Haupt, M., Finke, K. & Paulus, M. (2021). Adults, but not preschoolers or

toddlers integrate situational constraints in their action anticipations: A developmental study on the flexibility of anticipatory gaze. Cognitive Processing, 22(3), 515–528. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-021-01015-8


Gönül, G., & Paulus, M. (2021). Children's reasoning about the efficiency of others' actions: The

development of rational action prediction. Journal of experimental child psychology, 204, 105035. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.105035


Gönul, G., Tsalas, N., & Paulus, M. (2021). The effect of time pressure on metacognitive control:

developmental changes in self-regulation and efficiency during learning. Metacognition and Learning, 16 (3), DOI: 10.1007/s11409-021-09262-y


 Hinz, N. A., Ciardo, F., & Wykowska, A. (2021). ERP markers of action planning and outcome

monitoring in human-robot interaction. Acta Psychologica, 212, 103216. DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103216


Kammermeier, M., & Paulus, M. (2021). Maternal sensitivity and non-intrusiveness at 12

months predict attention to emotional facial expressions at 24 months: A cross-lagged panel approach. Social Development, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12561


Kim, S., Senju, A., Sodian, B., Paulus, M., Itakura, S., Okuno, A., Ueno, M., & Proust, J. (2021).

Memory Monitoring and Control in Japanese and German Preschoolers. Memory & cognition, 10.3758/s13421-021-01263-1. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-021-01263-1


Kloo, D., Sodian, B., Kristen-Antonow, S., Kim, S. & Paulus, M. (2021). Knowing minds: Linking

early perspective taking and later metacognitive insight. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 39(1), 39-53, DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12359


Lenz, S. & Paulus, M. (2021). Friendship is more than strategic reciprocity: Preschoolers'

selective sharing with friends cannot be reduced to strategic concerns.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 206 (2), DOI:10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105101


Lenz, S., Essler, S., Wörle, M., & Paulus, M. (2021). “Who will share with me?”: Preschoolers rely

on their friends more than on their nonfriends to share with them.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 203, 105037.


Liesner, M., Hinz, N. A., & Kunde, W. (2021). How action shapes body ownership momentarily

and throughout the lifespan. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.697810


Mammen, M., Köymen, B., & Tomasello, M. (2021). Young children’s moral judgments depend

on the social relationship between agents. Cognitive Development, 57, DOI:10.1016/j.cogdev.2020.100973


Melzel, S., & Paulus, M. (2021). The development of the prediction of complex actions in early

childhood. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 18 (2), 161-183, https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2020.1773786


Misch, A., & Dunham, Y. (2021). (Peer) Group influence on children’s prosocial and antisocial

behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 201, 104994. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104994


Misch, A., Kristen-Antonow, S., & Paulus, M. (2021). A question of morals? The role of moral

identity in support of the youth climate movement Fridays4Future. PLoS ONE.


Misch, A., Paulus, M., & Dunham, Y. (2021). Anticipation of future cooperation eliminates

minimal ingroup bias in children and adults. Journal of experimental psychology. General, 150(10), 2036–2056. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000899


Nijssen, S., Pletti, C., Paulus, M., Müller, B. (2021) Does agency matter? Neural processing of

robotic movements in 4- and 8-year olds. Neuropsychologia 157, 107853. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.107853


Nijssen, S.R.R, Müller, B.C.N., Bosse, T., & Paulus, M. (2021). You, robot? The role of

anthropomorphic emotion attributions in children’s sharing with a robot. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, 30, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcci.2021.100319


Opitz, T., Schuwerk, T., Paulus, M., Kloo, D., Osterhaus, C., Lesch, K.-P. & Sodian, B. (2021). No

links between genetic variation and developing theory of mind: A preregistered replication attempt of candidate gene studies. Developmental Science, 24 (9), DOI:10.1111/desc.13100


Pfundmair, M., Paulus, M., & Wagner, E. (2021). Activism and radicalism in adolescence: an

empirical test on age-related differences. Psychology, Crime and Law, 27 (8), 815-830, https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2020.1850725


Rütgen, M., Pfabigan, D.M., Tik, M., Kraus, C., Pletti, C., Sladky, R., Klöbl, M., Woletz, M., Vanicek,

T., Windischberger, C., Lanzenberger, R., Lamm, C. (2021) Detached empathic experience of others’ pain in remitted states of depression – an fMRI study. Neuroimage: Clinical 31, 102699. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102699


Sticker, R. M., Christner, N., Pletti, C., & Paulus, M. (2021). The moral self-concept in preschool

children: Its dimensions and relation to prosocial behaviors. Cognitive Development, 58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2021.101033