A first bond to the caregiver occurs at the age of 6 to 24 months.
During this time, active contact with the caregiver shapes the interaction. Therefore, infants display discomfort when separated and tension in the presence of strangers.
How do we explore attachment?
We observe the children in different play situations, for example while playing with the mother or with unknown persons.
Why is this important?
Knowing the factors that favor a secure attachment, can help to deliberately promote this attachment. Secure attachment promises positive long-term effects: positive beliefs about caregivers and oneself, increased prosocial behavior and empathy, a good relationship with peers, as well as cognitive and linguistic benefits.